A database is an organized collection of data. It is a collection of tables, queries, reports, views, and other objects. Database designers typically organize the data to model aspects of reality in a way that supports processes requiring information, such as (for example) modelling the availability of rooms in hotels in a way that supports finding a hotel with vacancies.
A database-management system (DBMS) is a computer-software application that interacts with end-users, other applications, and the database itself to capture and analyze data. A general-purpose database-management system allows the definition, creation, querying, update, and administration of databases. Well-known DBMSs include MySQL, PostgreSQL, MariaDB, Microsoft SQL Server, Oracle, Sybase, SAP HANA, MemSQL, SQLite and IBM DB2.
A database is not generally portable across different DBMSs, but different DBMSs can interoperate by using standards such as SQL and ODBC or JDBC to allow a single application to work with more than one data base-management system. Computer scientists may classify database-management systems according to the database models that they support; the most popular database systems since the 1980s have all supported the relational model – generally associated with the SQL language. Sometimes a DBMS is loosely referred to as a “database”.
Differences between DBMS and RDBMS
|1||DBMS applications store data as file.||RDBMS applications store data in a tabular form.|
|2||In DBMS, data is generally stored in either a hierarchical form or a navigational form.||In RDBMS, the tables have an identifier called primary key and the data values are stored in the form of tables.|
|3||Normalization is not present in DBMS.||Normalization is present in RDBMS.|
|4||DBMS does not apply any security with regards to data manipulation.||RDBMS defines the integrity constraint for the purpose of ACID (Atomocity, Consistency, Isolation and Durability) property.|
|5||DBMS uses file system to store data, so there will be no relation between the tables.||in RDBMS, data values are stored in the form of tables, so a relationship between these data values will be stored in the form of a table as well.|
|6||data base-management system has to provide some uniform methods to access the stored information.||RDBMS system supports a tabular structure of the data and a relationship between them to access the stored information.|
|7||DBMS does not support distributed database.||RDBMS supports distributed database.|
|8||DBMS is meant to be for small organization and deal with small data. it supports single user.||RDBMS is designed to handle large amount of data. it supports multiple users.|
|9||Examples of DBMS are file systems, xml etc.||Example of RDBMS are mysql, postgre, sql server, oracle etc.|