Flerovium is a superheavy artificial chemical element with the symbol Fl and atomic number 114. It is a radioactive, superheavy synthetic element placed in the group 14 and period 7 of the periodic table. The metal was first discovered by Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR), Russia in the year 1998. The name of the laboratory, in turn, honours the Russian physicist Georgy Flyorov The name was adopted by IUPAC on 30 May 2012.
In the periodic table of the elements, it is a transactinide element in the p-block. It is a member of the 7th period and is the heaviest known member of the carbon group; it is also the heaviest element whose chemistry has been investigated. Initial chemical studies performed in 2007–2008 indicated that flerovium was unexpectedly volatile for a group 14 element; in preliminary results it even seemed to exhibit properties similar to those of the noble gases.
Characteristics of Flerovium
- Flerovium is produced by bombarding the ions of plutonium -94 are the ions of calcium -20 which is contained in a beam.
- The metal has about five synthetic isotopes with known half-life and the mass numbers ranging between 285 and 289. All these are said to be unstable in nature, but 289Fl is considered as the most stable isotope of flerovium with a half-life of around 2.6 seconds.
- Flerovium metal can also be formed in the nuclear reactors.
- This element belongs to the p-block elements of the periodic table is considered to be as the heaviest metals in the list of carbon group members. It is also known to be one of the noble metals.