Water bird, also walled waterbird or aquatic bird is used to refer to birds that live on or around water. In addition, some water birds are more terrestrial or aquatic than others, and their adaptations will vary depending on their environment. These adaptations include webbed feet, bills and legs adapted to feed in water, and the ability to dive from the surface or the air to catch prey in water.
The term aquatic birds are sometimes also used in this context. A related term that has a narrower meaning is waterfowl. Some birds of prey, such as ospreys and sea eagles, take prey from water but are not considered water birds. The term waterbirds is also used in the context of conservation to refer to any birds that inhabit or depend on bodies of water or wetland areas.
Examples of Water birds
- White-Throated Kingfisher: They are also known as white-breasted kingfisher is one of the most common species of kingfisher found near by the water bodies. This kingfisher is a resident of Indian subcontinent and can often be found well away from water sources.
- Red-Wattled Lapwing: Red-wattled lapwing are large waders birds, very famous for its loud alarm calls and found all over India. Its noisy nature with a loud did-he-do-it calls make its one of the annoying bird,even in an urban area of Indian cities.
- The Ferruginous Ducks: The ferruginous ducks belongs to those species of birds that live in water. The colour of the female species are much duller and lighter when compared with that of the male birds. These ducks feed mainly on the aquatic plants and on some small fish and insects. These water birds mostly prefer some fresh and shallow water bodies.
- The Mute Swans: These Species of swans mainly belongs to the waterfowl family. These are native to the Eurasia and they have a body length of 140 to 160 centimeters long. These Mute swans are considered as one of the beautiful and heaviest flying birds. These birds are reportedly to mate for the life and they are known to form a long-lasting bond with their respective pairs.
- Indian Cormorant: Indian cormorant also known as Indian shag, found mainly along the inland waters of the Indian Subcontinent. Habitat and distribution of Indian cormorants includes rivers or large wetlands, Little cormorant is another member of the cormorant family widely distributed across the Indian Subcontinent.