Herbivores are the animals, which are depend on plants and grass for their food. They have certain specific features that help them feed on plants. They have broad and flat teeth that help them to grind the plants easily. They have the capacity of detoxifying vitamin A in the liver. They possess carbohydrate digestive enzymes in saliva. The length of the intestine is very long. Cows, buffaloes, goats, deer are some of the herbivores.
Carnivores are animals and plants that only consume meat. They hunt down other animals and eat their flesh while some prefer devouring them whole. Carnivores have very sharp teeth that they use to tear through skin and meat with ease. They also have very sharp claws, since this helps them latch on to their prey and also to take the carcasses apart. There are some carnivorous plants as well which are known as insectivorous plants as they consume insects. One such plant is the Venus flytrap.
An omnivore is an animal that has the ability to eat and survive on both plant and animal matter. They obtaining energy and nutrients from plant and animal matter, omnivores digest carbohydrates, protein, fat, and fiber, and metabolize the nutrients and energy of the sources absorbed. Often, they have the ability to incorporate food sources such as algae, fungi, and bacteria into their diet. Ex: Dogs, Bear and Badgers.
Difference Between Herbivores and Carnivores
|Consume only plant and their products||Consume the flesh of other animals|
|They have a small mouth to head ratio.||Their mouth to head ratio is too large.|
|The mouth opening is very small and consume food from their mouth.||The mouth opening is very large and use their teeth for tearing the flesh apart.|
|Have broad, short and flat, teeth for chewing and grinding plant leaves, seeds and grains.||Have sharp, long and curved incisors and canines used for tear flesh.|
|Have complex facial muscles.||Have reduced facial muscles.|
|Have digestive enzymes in their saliva.||Have no digestive enzymes in their saliva.|
|The length of the small intestine of herbivores is 10 to 12 times their body length||The length of the small intestine is 3-6 times their body length|
|Have either simple or stomach with multiple chambers||Have a simple stomach with one chamber.|
|Moderately concentrated urine||Extremely concentrated urine|
|Ex: Cow, Giraffe, Goat and Ox etc.||Ex: Leopard, Jaguar, and Lion etc.|