What are Biotic Components?
Biotic components can be described as any living component that affects another organism or shapes the ecosystem. This includes both animals that consume other organisms within their ecosystem, and the organism that is being consumed. Biotic factors also include human influence, pathogens, and disease outbreaks. Each biotic factor needs the proper amount of energy and nutrition to function day to day.
Thus, They are all the living things in an ecosystem. They are the animals, the plants and the microorganisms. Biotic components also include the waste from living things and dead organisms. Even the harshest corners of our planet have biotic components. Earth is teaming with biotic beings.
Examples of Biotic Factors
The examples of biotic resources relate to all the living components of an ecosystem. These include Producers, Consumers, Decomposers and detritivores.
- Producers: Produces are also known as autotrophs, convert energy through the process of photosynthesis into food.
- Consumers: Consumers known as heterotrophs, They depend upon producers and occasionally other consumers for food.
- Decomposers: Decomposers known as detritivores, They break down chemicals from producers and consumers usually antibiotic into simpler form which can be reused.
Nearly all species are influenced by biotic factors in one way or another. If the number of predators was to increase, the entire food chain would be affected as any prey falling below that specified predator in the food chain will become prey. If the prey is not given enough time by the predator to repopulate, this could not only cause endangerment and extinction in the prey, but the predator as well. Contradicting a decrease in population size, if a particular species reproduces too rapidly, this will cause an increase in population size, thus affecting the environment around them.