Supply Chain Management Types

Supply Chain Management Types are as follows:

  • Raw Supply Chains: Raw supply chain is one of the basic types of the supply It is very lightly organized, and most of the systems and processes are followed from the legacy. Organizations adopting raw supply chains often suffer from various departmental soils. However, they maintain appropriate coordination among them which provides a better visibility to the organization’s processes and operation.
  • Ripe Supply Chains: This type of supply chain exist in the situations where organizations are satisfied with what they have achieved and whatever needs to be achieved. Ripe supply chains have well-organized activities and improved relationship with distributors and suppliers. However, a small portion of information flows through these types of supply chains.

Supply Chain Management Types

  • Internal Supply Chains: They are the most common types of supply chains and can be easily found in organizations, where ERP packages and organizational internal operational are well-coordinated and managed.
  • Extended Supply Chains: Extended supply chains are an extension of the internal supply chain concept. These are nothing, but well-established internal supply chains which extend beyond the boundaries of the organization to include external stakeholders like distributors and suppliers. However, the focus is only on the topmost distributors and suppliers.
  • Self-Monitored Supply Chains: In this type of supply chain, the manufacturing company becomes the center, and takes the lead in bringing all the partners and suppliers in its supply chain. Thus, self-monitored supply chains are company-centric and not customer-centric.
  • Outsourced Supply Chain: Under these supply chains, outsourced supply chains which are typically in the form if 3PL logistics partners, take care of all the aspects of the supply chain outbound logistics, inbound logistics, relationships, etc. They take all the critical decisions and also monitor the working of the supply chain.
  • Production-Oriented Supply Chains: This type of supply chains has a single objective- to make maximum utilization of capacity and labor. These supply chains consider production as the utmost important function, and all the other activities lag behind.
  • Financial-oriented Supply Chains: Also known as cash-to-cash cycle chains, these chains aim to provide the organization with a negative working capital. This releases funds for the organization which would otherwise be blocked in inventory and accounts receivables. These released funds can be suitably employed elsewhere.
  • Market-Oriented Supply Chains: They are typical built-to-order type supply chains which are activated when the customer places an order. They are also known as customer supply chains.
  • Value Chains: Value chains are the highest form of supply chains which avoid optimization in parts and focus on total optimization. These chains also address other related issues such as waste disposal, low productivity, etc.