Meaning and Definition of Verbal Communication
Verbal communication is the communication in which some type of language is used. The most powerful tool of communication is language because the message. And ides can be conveyed very easily with the help of it, provided that all the parties are familiar with the language which is being used. Therefore, any type of communication which involves the use of various written or spoken words is referred to as verbal communication Words represent the most powerful and precise combination of symbols. This is the reason why words are used in all types of formal communication.
A particular message in verbal communication is transferred through the use of language and different sounds. Various ideas,concepts or thoughts can be expressed with help of verbal communication and it is one of the crucial elements of teaching and learning process. In the process of expressing the ideas between two or more individuals, verbal communication is the fundamental mode of communication along with non-verbal forms of communication.
Characteristics of verbal Communication
- Specialisation and productivity: For every type of situation, a specialized from of communication is used. It facilities the birth of creative responses. Generally, new words or sentences are introduced in every communication therefore, it productive in nature.
- Displacement: Verbal communication includes communicating about remote concepts and situations, speaking about future or past as simply as the present. Language has the capability of dislocating the various statement and concepts which are stated in the present context at a certain location and it can affect nay other place next day.
- Quickly Diminishing: Vocal sounds have a very limited life span, they diminish very fast. As soon as they are transmitted, they should be received otherwise they will be lost. Among all the communication media,speech signals are characterised with least lifespan.
- Arbitrariness: Verbal signals are unpredictable in nature; any physical properties or traits of concerned things are not possessed by them.
- Cultural Transmission: Cultures and traditions are the prime determinants which can spread any kind of human language. As any human language can be learnt by any normal individual, this fact reflects the result of cultural spread of language. With some practice, all the languages can be inherited by humans.
Types of Verbal Communication
- Oral Communication: Oral communication is one of the most common styles of spoken communication, this type of spoken communication. This type of spoken communication is carried-out through words, non-verbal message and visual aids. It is the ability and knowledge essential to communicate convincingly with others. It is the way through one can exchange information and thoughts with another person with the help of different mediums like listening,speaking,non-verbal cues including body language, etc. Hence, a process of oral exchange or conveying of information or messages between a sender and a receiver is known as oral communication.
- Written Communication: Written communication is viewed as the most universal form of business communication. It is a manner of conveying messages and information through selection of correct words. Primarily, it implies the development and expression of ideas and concepts in the written form. Written communication is effectuated through written signs and symbols which can be in hand written or printed form.
Advantages of Verbal Communication
- It is not a time consuming process.
- It is cheap and effective.
- Control and persuasion can be done with ease through speech.
- It provide prompt feedback.
- Spontaneous clarification and feedback can be received by the employees.
- Cordial relations can be maintained with the help of informal oral communication.
Disadvantages of Verbal Communication.
- Oral transmission is not suitable for long messages.
- The lifespan of verbal message is very short.
- Unless verbal messages are recorded or taped, they do not have any legality.
- In verbal communication, one cannot be held responsible for kind of flaws.
Difference between Non-Verbal and Verbal Communication
|Non-Verbal Communication||Verbal Communication|
|1) Non-Verbal Communication depends on non-verbal cues like facial expressions, eye contact, body language, and so on.||1) Verbal communication depends on written and oral forms of language.|
|2) It is ess structured. There is no formal training to gain excellence in the use of non-verbal means of communication.||2) Formal training can impart competence in the use of verbal communication.|
|3) It is difficult to say what non-verbal symbols mean.For example, smile on your face may be interpreted differently by different people.||3) Words are used a define connotation.|
|4) True feeling and intentions of the speaker can be read and understood by one armed with a knowledge of what non-verbal signs really mean.||4) The words of a speaker may not openly convey his actual meaning and feeling.|
|5) Non-verbal cues support and supplement the message being conveyed in words. They can reinforce the meanings we intent in our verbal messages.||5) Sometimes words alone o convey message effectively.|
|6) It less structured, hence it is more difficult to study.||6) It is more structured hence it is easier to study.|
|7) Non-verbal communication is more spontaneous. Often when we communicate non-verbal, we do it unconsciously.||7) Verbal communication is usually thought out, less spontaneous.|
|8) Non-verbal cues are supposed to be more reliable than words.||8) Verbal cues are less reliable they may be deceiving.|