Types of Teams
Teams Types are classified as : Informal, Traditional, Problem-solving, Leadership, Self-directed, and Virtual.
1. Informal Team: Informal team is generally formed for social purposes. They can help to facilitate employee pursuits of common concerns, such as improving work conditions. More frequently, however, these teams from out of a set of common concerns and interests, which may or may not be the same as the organizations. Leaders of these teams generally emerge from the membership and are not appointed by anyone in the organization.
2. Traditional Team: Traditional team is the organizational groups commonly thought of as departments or functional areas. Leaders or managers of these teams are appointed by the organization and have legitimate power in the team. The team is expected to produce a product, deliver a service, or perform a function that the organization has assigned.
3. Problem Solving Team: Problem-solving teams or task force are formed when a problem arises that cannot be solved within the standard organizational structure. These teams are generally cross-functional; that is the membership comes from different areas of the organization, and are charged with finding a solution to the problem.
4. Leadership Team: Leadership teams are generally composed of management brought together to span the boundaries between different functions in the organization. In order for a product to be delivered to the market, the heads of finance, production, and marketing must interact and come up with a common strategy for the product. At top management levels, teams are used in developing goals and a strategic direction for the firm as a whole.
5. Self-directed Team: Self-directed teams are given autonomy over deciding how a job will be done. These teams are provided with a goal by the organization, and then determine how to achieve that goal. Frequently there is no assigned manager or leader and very few if any status differences among the team members.
These teams are commonly allowed to choose new team members, decide on work assignments, and may be given responsibility for evaluating team members. They must meet quality standards and interact with both buyers and supplies, but otherwise, have great freedom in determining what the team does. Teams from around a particular project and a leader emerges for what projects. The team is responsible for carrying out the project, for recruiting team members, and for evaluating them.
6. Virtual Team: Technology is impacting how teams meet and function. Collaborative software and conferencing system have improved the ability for employees to meet, conduct business, share documents, and make decisions without ever being in the same location.
While the basic dynamic of other types of teams may still be relevant to the dynamics and management of virtual teams can be very different. Issues can arise with a lack of facial or auditory clues; participants must be taken at their word, even when video-conferencing tools are used.