Meaning of Team
Team is a cooperative group whose members interact with each other towards the accomplishment of special objectives. In many organizations, employees work in regular small groups called teams where their efforts must fit together like the places of a picture puzzle. When their work is interdependent, they act as a work teams and seek to develop a develop a cooperative state called teamwork.
According to Katzenbach and Douglas Smith___” A team is a small number of people with complementary skills who are committed to a common purpose, set of performance goals and approach for which they hold themselves mutually accountable”.
According to Stephen P.Robbins___” A work team is a collection of people whose individual efforts result in a level of performance which is greater than the sum of their individual contributions”.
Nature of Teams
- Clear Direction: Clear direction means that the teams is given a clear and distinct goal. The teams may be empowered to determine how to achieve that goal, but management, when forming the team, generally sets the goal. A clear direction also means that term outcomes are measurable.
- Clear Responsibilities: Clear responsibilities means that each team member understands what is expected of her or him within the teams. The role must be clear and interesting to the team members.
- Knowledgeable Members: An effective team will be comprised of individuals who have the skills and knowledge necessary to complete the team’s task. Cooperation is essential at an early stage in inventorying the skills and knowledge each member brings to the team, and working to determine how to utilize those skills to accomplish the teams task.
- Reasonable Operating Procedures: It need a set of rules by which they operates.
- Interpersonal Relationship: They are composed of diverse individuals, each of whom comes to the team with his or own set of values. Understanding and celebrating this diversity helps to make a stronger, more effective teams.
- Sharing Success and Failures: Everyone wants to feel appreciated. Within a team, members should be willing to express their appreciation, as well their criticisms, of others efforts.
Importance of Teams
- Improved Employee Motivation.
- Positive Synergy.
- Satisfaction of Social Needs.
- Commitment to Team Goals.
- Improved Organizational Communication.
- Benefits of Expanded Job Training.
- Organizational Flexibility.