What are the sources of recruitment?

Sources of Recruitment

There are two sources of recruitment which are as follow:

  • Internal Sources
  • External Sources

Sources of Recruitment

Internal Sources of Recruitment:

The Internal Sources of Recruitment mean hiring people from within the organization. In other words, seeking applicants for the job positions from those who are currently employed with the firm.

In any organization, following are the most common internal sources of recruitment:

1. Transfers:

Transfer involves shifting of persons from present jobs to other similar jobs. These do not involve any change in rank, responsibility or prestige. The numbers of persons do not increase with transfers.

2. Promotions:

Promotions refer to shifting of persons to positions carrying better prestige, higher responsibilities and more pay. The higher positions falling vacant may be filled up from within the organisation. A promotion does not increase the number of persons in the organisation.

A person going to get a higher position will vacate his present position. Promotion will motivate employees to improve their performance so that they can also get promotion.

3. Present Employees:

The present employees of a concern are informed about likely vacant positions. The employees recommend their relations or persons intimately known to them. Management is relieved of looking out prospective candidates.The persons recommended by the employees may be generally suitable for the jobs because they know the requirements of various positions. The existing employees take full responsibility of those recommended by them and also ensure of their proper behaviour and performance.

External Sources of Recruitment:

The External Sources of Recruitment mean hiring people from outside the organization. In other words, seeking applicants from those who are external to the organization.There are several methods for external recruiting. The firm must carefully analyze the vacant positions and then use the method which best fulfills the requirement. Following are the different types of external sources of recruitment:

1. Advertisement:

A wide choice for selecting the appropriate candidate for the post is available through this source. It gives publicity to the vacant posts and the details about the job in the form of job description and job specification are made available to public in general.

2. Employment Exchange: The employment exchange is the office run by the government wherein the details about the job seekers such as name, qualification, experience, etc. is stored and is given to the employers who are searching for men for their organizations.

For certain job vacancies, it is mandatory for every organization to provide details about it to the employment exchange. It is the most common source of external recruitment that offers jobs to unskilled, semi-skilled and skilled workers.

3. Direct Recruitment: The direct recruitment also called as factory gate recruitment is an important source of hiring. Here, the company puts up a notice on a notice board or on the factory gate regarding the jobs available, such that the applicant sees it and apply for the job directly.

4. Educational Institutions:

Sometimes recruiters are sent to educational institutions where they meet the members of the faculty and persons in charge of placement services who recommend suitable candidates. Some companies send representatives to professional meetings and conventions to recruit employees.

5. E-recruiting: The e-recruiting means searching and screening the prospective candidates electronically. There are several online job portals that enable the job seekers to upload their resume online which are then forwarded to the potential hirers. Such as Naukri.com, monster.com, shine.com, etc.

6. Labor Contractors: This is the most common form of external recruitment wherein the labor contractors who are either employed with the firm or have an agreement to supply workers to the firm for the completion of a specific type of a task. This method is again used for hiring the unskilled and semi-skilled workers. The contractor keeps in touch with the workers and sends them to the places where their need arises.