Management levels in the organization follows as 1. Top Level Management. 2. Middle Level Management. 3. Lower Level Management. All manager’s position performance of management functions. But there are differences among managerial jobs. The difference arise because of the existence of various levels of management in a typical organization. The term level of management refers to a line of demonstration between various managerial position.
1. Top Level Management: The first level of management is called top-level management. Top management is made up of senior-level executives of an organization, or those positions that hold the most responsibility. Jobs titles such as Chief Operating Officer (COO), Chief Executive Officer (CEO), Chief Financial Officer (CFO), President, or Vice President are commonly used by top managers in organizations. These top managers are responsible for setting the overall direction of a company and making sure that major organizational objectives are achieved. Their leadership role can extend over the entire organization or for specific divisions such as finance, marketing, human resources, or operations.
2. Middle Level Management:
Middle-level managers devote more time to organizational and directional functions than top-level managers. Their roles can be emphasized as:
- Executing organizational plans in conformance with the company’s policies and the objectives of the top management;
- Defining and discussing information and policies from top management to lower management; and most importantly
- Inspiring and providing guidance to low-level managers towards better performance.
3. Lower Level Management: Lower level is also known as supervisory / operative level of management. It consists of supervisors, foreman, section officers, superintendent etc. According to R.C. Davis, “Supervisory management refers to those executives whose work has to be largely with personal oversight and direction of operative employees”. In other words, they are concerned with direction and controlling function of management.
Their activities include:
- Plan day-to-day operations.
- Assigns jobs to workers.
- Provides supervision and control over work.
- Maintain discipline.