Types of Management / Levels of Management

Management levels in the organization follows as:

  1. Top Level Management.
  2. Middle Level Management.
  3. Lower Level Management.

All manager’s position performance of management functions. But there are differences among managerial jobs. The difference arise because of the existence of various levels of management in a typical organization. The term level of management refers to a line of demonstration between various managerial position.

Management Levels

1. Top Level Management: Top level management consists of people that are at the highest managerial positions. This position is held by the senior most authorities in an organization including the Board of Directors, Chief Executive Officer, sectional heads, etc. They are involved in the long term planning, laying down policies and strategies of organizational development and selection of methods of to be adopted for achieving the objectives. They act as a medium of communication for maintaining relations with the external suppliers and agencies. Being the leaders of the organization, they are accountable for good or poor performance of the organization.

2. Middle Level Management: Departmental heads form the middle level management. They are responsible for monitoring the departmental activities, giving instructions and maintaining coordination between the various activities carried-out in the several units and divisions . They act as a mediator between the top level management and lower level management. They convey the decisions taken by the seniors and explain the importance of the same to the lower level to the seniors. It is their role to motive, inspire and encourage the operational level managers to increase their performance levels.

3. Lower Level Management: Lower level is also known as supervisory / operative level of management. It consists of supervisors, foreman, section officers, superintendent etc. According to R.C. Davis, “Supervisory management refers to those executives whose work has to be largely with personal oversight and direction of operative employees”. In other words, they are concerned with direction and controlling function of management.

Their activities include:

  • Plan day-to-day operations.
  • Assigns jobs to workers.
  • Provides supervision and control over work.
  • Maintain discipline.