The term Labour Welfare or Employee Welfare is a broad term which comprises of numerous services, facilities and benefits that the employer offers to the employees. It includes joy, comfort, contentment, protection and growth of human capital. It helps employees to set minimum desirable standards like housing, health, clothing, education, job, insurance and fun for themselves. Such incentives enable the workers to live a satisfactory social and work life. Employees welfare boosts the morale of employees and motivates them to such an extent that they do not leave the organization for long time. The measures taken for employee welfare can be both in cash or kind.
Labour Welfare Definition
According to Arthur Todd___” Labour Welfare means anything done for the comfort and improvement, intellectual or social, of the employees over and above the wages paid which is not necessity for the industry”.
According to ILO Report___” Labour welfare means such services, facilities, and amenities, which may be established in, or in the vicinity of undertakings to enable persons employed therein to perform their work in healthy and congenial surroundings and provided with amenities conducive to good health and high morale”.
Features of Labour Welfare
- Dynamic in Nature: Employee welfare is an ever changing concept and is different in different countries and also differs from area to area in any given country. It is a flexible and dynamic concept as welfare measures are modified and added periodically.
- Complementary in Nature: The measures that companies take on employee welfare are supplementary to the regular salary and other benefits that the employees are legally entitled to Apart from the employers, the government, labour unions and other agencies also provide welfare measures.
- Vital Part of Social Welfare: Employee Welfare is considered to be a very important aspect of social welfare, as it enables the employee to balance his professional life and domestic life with the society. The main motive behind employee welfare is to enhance the quality of life of the workers and convert them into good employees and good citizens.
- Dual Aspect: The action taken for employees welfare can be both statutory and voluntary. The warm and humanitarian emotions of the employer are the outcome of voluntary action or may be because of the tradition of some industries or local customs. The statutory actions are recommended by the labour laws. The measures taken for employee welfare are also called employee benefits and services.
Scope of Labour Welfare
- Conditions of Work Environment: These comprise of the situations that the workers face while working such as hygiene and cleanliness, aeration, humidity, removal of dust, gases, smoke and fumes, illumination, comfort and ease while working, posture while working, sitting arrangement, time allocation of work, provision for breaks and rest and worker’s security measures.
- Health Services for Workers: They comprise of medical examination of workmen, health centre, dispensary or clinics in the factory for treatment of the workmen, child welfare, education for women, fun activities for workmen and education, etc.
- Labour Welfare Programme: These include factory council made up of worker’s and employee’s spokespersons, vocational testing and interview, departments taking care of social welfare, hiring, follow-up, worker’s arbitration council and research bureau.
- Economic Welfare Programme for Labours: These consist of cooperative stores for customer needs; cooperative societies for credit, banking facilities, health cover, employment agency, etc.
- General Welfare Work: This comprises of relief and fun activities, safeguarding homes for older people, legal and medical help to the deprived for free, social casework to handle unlawful activity and child care.
Objectives of Labour Welfare
- To promote Economic Development.
- To Improve Efficiency.
- To provide Proper Human Conditions for Work and Living.
- To Minimize Hazards.
- To Supplement Wage in Monetary Teams.
- To Prevent Social Evils.