Definition of Counselling
According to Strang__”Counselling is a face-to-face relationship in which growth takes place in the counsellor as well as the counselee”.
According to Carl Rogers__”Counselling is a series of direct contact with the individual which aims to offer him assistance in changing the attitude and behaviour”.
According to Robinson__”The term counselling covers all types of two person situations in which one person,the client is helped to adjust more effectively to himself and his environment”.
Features of Counselling
- Person to person relationship
- Learn oriented process.
- Involves confrontation.
- Continuous and time consuming process.
- Carries authority.
- Controlled relationship.
- Theory based.
- Developmental or intervening process.
- Deals with wellness,personal growth,career and pathological concerns.
Objectives of Counselling
- To facilitate behaviour change
- To improve relationships
- To improve awareness
- To assist in decision-making
- To facilitate Client’s potential
- To normalize distress
- To enhance coping skills
Limitations of Counselling
- Ignoring the problem
- Disagreement over Standards
- Negative Attitude
- Disagreement about Existence of Problem
Participants in Counselling
1. Client: Client is the most important person in counselling. The client is a person who needs counselling service. Everything that goes on is for the benefit of him. Clients seek service when they encountered a ‘problem in living’ that they have not been able to resolve through their everyday resources and has resulted in their exclusion from some aspect of full participation in social life. Clients look for the person to provide them with time and space characterised by the presence of number of elements that may not be readily available in the clients’ everyday life i.e.,permission to speak,respect for difference,trustworthiness,and affirmation. All clients come with own perspectives. Each client is a unique individual with particular characteristics and ways of dealing with the world. Therefore,each client’s views and agendas are important and need to be treated with respect.
2. Counsellor: The counsellor is a professionally trained person who seeks to improve the client’s performance via continued education and self-awareness. Effective counsellors are optimistic, good at listening,non-judgemental,empathetic,tolerant to ambiguity,willing to work for the success of others whole heartedly,treat other people as equals, willing to model appropriate thoughts,feelings and behaviours,turn mistakes into learning experiences and care for the well being of the clients.
3. Relative Participants: Relative participants are the entities who are said to be a cause for the client’s problems or significant others who are capable of influencing the client to change his undesirable behaviours. They can be the family members of client,the immediate supervisor at work,HR manager.