Definitions and Meaning of Career planning
Career planning is a subset of career management. Career planning applies the concepts of Strategic planning and Marketing to taking charge of one’s professional future. Career is an ongoing process and so it needs to be assessed on continuous basis. This process of re-assessing individual learning and development over a period of time is called Career Planning.
According to Mondy and Noe __” Career planning is an ongoing process whereby an individual sets career goals and identifies the means to achieve them.”
According to Schermerborn__“Career planning is a process of systematically matching career goals and individual capabilities with opportunities for their fulfillment”.
Features of Career Planning
1. It is an ongoing process.
2. It helps individuals develop skills required to fulfill different career roles.
3. It strengthens work-related activities in the organization.
4. It defines life, career, abilities, and interests of the employees.
5. It can also give professional directions, as they relate to career goals.
Objectives of Career Planning
1. To identify positive characteristics of the employees.
2. To develop an awareness about each employee’s uniqueness.
3. To respect feelings of other employees.
4. To attract talented employees to the organization.
5. To train employees towards team-building skills.
6. To create healthy ways of dealing with conflicts, emotions, and stress.
7. To improve employee morale and motivation.
Process of Career Planning
- Self Assessment
Self aware is like trying to run a race not knowing where the finish line is. How can you know which career path is going to be most satisfying, if you don’t even know what you’re all about? You can’t. That’s why self assessment is such an important part of the career planning process. During the self assessment process you’ll use tools designed to help you learn more about your interests, values, personality, aptitudes, skill sets, developmental needs, and preferred work environments, so you can make an informed career decision. By the end of the self assessment process you’ll have identified various occupations that are good fit for you.
- Career Exploration
After self assessment, you should now have a list of occupations that appear to be a good match with your values, interests and skill set. Next, you’ll want to narrow this list down to about ten occupations. Go through the list and eliminate those careers that you know you’re not interested in. For example, even though you’d make a great police officer, and the career is a good match with your values, interests, and skill set, you know you don’t want to work in a job that requires you to carry and shoot a gun. In addition to researching individual occupations, you’ll also want to research industries that you’d like to work in. Other very effective ways to explore careers (and which we highly recommend) include conducting informational interviews with industry professionals, job shadowing, job temping, internships, and volunteering.
- Career Identification
As it’s name suggests, the career identification component the career planning process is when you select just one occupation, among the many you’ve considered. During this step you’ll identify the occupation that you’re most interested in, as well as few alternatives to fall back on if your first choice doesn’t pan out. Now that you know which occupation you’re going to pursue, you’ll want to prepare to enter your chosen field.
- Create an Action Plan
The final step in the process of career planning is to create an action plan. The action plan is designed to help you reach your goals. It’s like a road map that takes you from choosing a career to finding your first job all the way to achieving your long-term career goals. In your action plan you should identify your short-term and long- term goals, identify education and training requirements for your career, develop a job search strategy, identify potential employers, create a resume, compose cover letters, and prepare for job interviews.
Many people believe the career planning process is only for recent college grads who are trying to land their first job, but that couldn’t be farther from the truth. The career planning process is a useful tool you can apply throughout your career as you redefine yourself and your occupational interests, and as your goals evolve.