The Mines Act,1952 contains provisions for measures relating to the health, safety and welfare of workers in the coal,metalliferous and oil mines. According to the Act, the term ‘Mine’ means “any excavation where any operation for the purpose of searching or for obtaining minerals has been or is being carried on and includes all borings, bore holes, oil wells and accessory crude conditioning plants, shafts, opencast workings, conveyors or aerial rope ways, planes, machinery works, railways, tramways, sliding, workshops, power stations, etc., or any premises connected with mining operations and near or in the mining area”. The Act prescribes the duties of the owner to manage mines and mining operations with the health and safety in mines. It also prescribes the number of working hours in mines, the minimum wage rates, and other related matters.
Short Title and Commencement of Mines Act [Section 1]
- This Act may be called the Mines Act,1952.
- It extends to the whole of India except the state of Jammu and Kashmir.
- It shall come into force on such date or dates as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint, and different dates may be appointed for different provisions of this Act and for different States but not later 31st December,1953.
Features of Mines Act
- Inspectors were empowered to enter and inspect mines, and to esquire into accidents.
- The employment of competent managers in mines was required. Managers competency Certificates were instituted.
- The government was empowered to frame rules, etc., for regulating work in the mines, and
- Penalties were also prescribed for contravention of its various provisions.
Definitions (Section 2)
- “Adolescent” Means a person who has completed his fifteenth year but has not completed his eighteen year.
- ” Adult” Means a person who has completed his eighteenth year.
- “Agent” When used in relation to a mine, means any person whether appointed as such or not, who acts as the representative of the owner in respect of the management of the mine or of any part thereof, and as such superior to a management under this Act.
- “Chief Inspector” Means the chief inspector of mines appointed under this act.
- “Child” Means a person who has not completed his fifteenth year.
- “Day” Means a period of twenty-four hours beginning at midnight.