Model for Ethical Decision Making Process
Ethical Decision making process involves following steps:
1. Recognizing an Issue as an Ethical One:
While the ethical thinking to so is often also the legal,economic,or political thing to do,failing to recognize the ethical dimension is not inconsequential. A rule may require something unethical,or there may be no rule at all,or the application of a rule may be unclear.
2. Making the Ethical Judgment:
Ethical dilemmas require ethical responses. While generally agreeing that the process of formulating a response is a cognitive one, experts disagree about its nature and,in particular,about the role of reason in this process. Some believe that moral judgments are reached by a deliberate and conscious reasoning process,and that the reasons one uses to make ethical decisions evolve as he developments and becomes mature.
3. Resolving to do the Ethical Thing
Once we determine an ethical response, we must take the next step,and accord it the highest priority among all alternative courses of action. Doing so successfully depends on how we perceive ourselves and the importance we attach to ethical values.
4. Actually Acting Ethically:
To be ethical, our intention to do the ethical thing must be followed by our really doing it. thus, Individuals who, despite the negative pull exerted by rules, have recognized an ethical issue, decided on an ethical response, and resolved to act on it, still need to contend with pressures and other obstacles that interfere with actually implementing their decision. Among the varied impediments that must be overcome even at this late stage are- once again -the rules themselves.
Problems in Ethical Decision-Making
The sources of Ethical problems are various and varied:
- Some times the decision-makers do not follow what they must follow as they have conflict in individual values versus organizational change.
- Individual moral standards affects whole organization decisions if they are morally strong, ethical decisions would be the outcomes.
- Competitive pressure is also the main cause which forces decision-makers to choose such path where they have to kill their morals, values and move on unethical path just to cope-up with the competition.
- Poor decisions without deep thinking of implications.
- Pressures of budget system.
- Ambiguous situations create problem which put the managers in dilemma as to which decision they should make and follow.