No journal entries are passed while recording transactions in subsidiary books. Under this system the transactions are entered in their respective journal and then directly post them into the ledger. Thus following are the subsidiary books.
1. Purchases Book:
Purchases book is one among the important subsidiary books. It is also known as ‘Bought book’ or ‘Invoice journal’ This book is used for recording of goods purchased on credit.
2. Purchases returns Book:
Purchases returns book also called ‘Returns outwards book or journal’. when the trader purchases goods, he verifies whether they are in good condition and agree with the terms and conditions of the order he placed. This book is used to record return of goods purchased by a business house.
3. Sales Book:
This book is also known as ‘sales journal or sales register’. Sales book is maintained to record only credit sales of goods in which the trader deals. This book is used for recording of goods sold on credit.
4. Sales returns Book:
This book is used to record goods which have been sold are returned by customers.
5. Bills Payable Book:
This book is used to record all bills drawn by the creditors and accepted by the Trader.
6. Bills Receivable Book:
This book is used for recording all bills drawn and received by the trader.
7. Journal Proper:
This book is used to record all transactions which are not entered in any other subsidiary book listed above.
8. Cash Book:
Business people design their convenience and need. The following are the different types of cash books maintained in business.
- Simple cash book.
- Cash book with cash and discount columns.
- Cash book with cash,discount and bank columns.
- Petty cash book.
1. Simple cash Book:
The simple cash book makes a record of only cash transactions and is just like cash account. All cash receipts are recorded on the debit side and all cash payments are recorded on the credit side.
2. Petty cash Book:
Petty cash book is maintained by the business to record petty cash expenses of the business such as Postage,Telegrams,Stationary,Carriage etc. In every business there may be many payments like above which are of small amounts. The reason why petty cash transactions are not recorded in the main cash book is that the practice will waste a lot of valuable time of the cashier and posting clerk. The person who handles the petty cash is called ‘Petty cashier’. The book in which the receipts and payments of petty cash are recorded is known as ‘petty cash book’.