Difference between Cost accounting & Management accounting

Cost Accounting: Cost accounting is a process of recording, classifying, analyzing, summarizing allocating and evaluating various alternative courses of action and control of costs in the organization.Cost accounting provides the detailed cost information that management needs to control current operations and plan for the future.

Management Accounting: Management accounting is the process of analyzing business costs and operations to prepare internal financial report, records, and account to aid managers’ decision making process in achieving business goals.

difference between cost vs management accounting

The following are the difference between cost accounting and management accounting:

S.No. Cost accounting Management accounting
1. The main objective of cost accounting is to determine and record the cost per unit of output. The main objective of Management accounting is to provide information to management to formulate plans and policies.
2. The scope of cost accounting is limited to the ascertainment of cost. The scope of management accounting is very wide. It includes budgeting,tax planning,interpretation of financial results etc.
3. In cost accounting both the present and past figures are considered for cost determination. Management accounting deals with future projections and plans on the basis of past and present cost data.
4. Cost accounting has certain principles and procedures and proformas for recording and analysing the data. No specific rules and procedures are followed in management accounting.Management accounting prepares and presents information as per the requirement of management.
5. Cost accounting information is useful to both internal and external parties. The information provided by management accounting is useful only to the management.
6. The status of cost accountant in industries comes after the management accountant. Management accountant is senior to cost accountant in industries.
7.  Cost accounting has been use since industrial revolution. Management accounting is relatively a new concept and has developed only in last 30 years.
8. Cost accounting is concerned only with cost determination and cost control. Management accounting highlights both cost and revenues also.
9. In cost accounting only quantitative aspects is considered. Management accounting considers both quantitative and qualitative information.
10. Costing can be installed without management accounting. For installation of management accounting,both financial and cost accountings are required.