Vitamins list and scientific names

The word “vitamin” is coined by Casimir Funk  in 1912. The word “vitamin” is derived from Latin. The word “vita” means life, and “amine” because vitamins were originally thought to contain amino acids.

List of vitamins

Vitamin A

Vitamin B1

Vitamin B2

Vitamin B3

Vitamin B5

vitamin B6

vitamin B7

Vitamin B9

Vitamin B12

Vitamin C

Vitamin D

Vitamin E

Vitamin K


Scientific names of vitamins and Vitamin deficiency problems

Vitamin scientific name Deficiency problems
Vitamin A Retinal, Retinol Night blindness, hyperkeratosis, loss of hunger , smell and taste, slow bone formation.
Vitamin B 1 Thiamine Beriberi, Excessive Fatigue, short-term memory loss, Confusion, Irritability, Muscle weakness, Depression
Vitamin B 2 Riboflavin loss of sense of taste, loss of appetite, anemia, Fatigue, Dermatitis
Vitamin B 3 Niacin, Niacinamine Pellagra, dermatitis, muscular weakness, depression, irritability, anxiety or confusion
Vitamin B 5 Pantothenic acid Paresthesia, Vomiting, Depression, Nausea
Vitamin B 6 Pyridoxine,Pyridoxamine, Pyridoxal Anemia, peripheral neuropathy, Muscle pains, depression, Confusion
Vitamin B 7 Biotin Dermatitis, enteritis, Dry, scaly skin, hearing loss, Hallucination, cracked lips
Vitamin B 9 Folinic acid, Folic acid birth defects, shortness of breath, anemia, Memory loss, Depression, Psychosis,grey hair
Vitamin B 12 Cyanocobalamin, Hydroxycobalamin, Methylcobalamin less concentration, Joint pains, dizziness, Muscle aches
Vitamin C Ascorbic acid Scurvy, Slowly Healing Wounds, Connective Tissue Defects
Vitamin D Ergocalciferol, Cholecalciferol Rickets, osteoporosis, Depression
Vitamin E Tocopherols, Tocotrienols sterility in males and miscarriage in females, mild hemolytic anemia in newborn infants
Vitamin K Phylloquinone, Menaquinones Bleeding diathesis

Solubility of Vitamins and year of vitamins discovery

Vitamin Solubility Year of discovey
Vitamin A Fat 1913
Vitamin B1 Water 1910
Vitamin B2 Water Discovered in 1872 but characterized as riboflavin in 1930s
Vitamin B3 Water 1936
Vitamin B5 Water 1931
Vitamin B6 Water 1934
Vitamin B7 Water 1931
Vitamin B9 Water 1941
Vitamin B12 Water 1948
Vitamin C Water 1920
Vitamin D Fat 1920
Vitamin E Fat 1922
Vitamin K Fat 1929