Tripura is one of the Northeastern seven sister states in India. In fact, it is the 3rd smallest state of India and covers an area of 10,486 square km.The state is surrounded by Bangladesh on its north, west and south. On its eastern side, it is surrounded by the state of Mizoram and Assam. Agartala is the capital of this state. As per the 2011 census, the population of the state is 36,71,032. It constitutes around 0.3% of the total population of the country. The indigenous communities that are known as ST (Scheduled Tribes) in India form 30% of the population in Tripura. The state has 19 tribes, and it is an eco-friendly and pollution-free state.
The languages that are mainly spoken in this state are Kokborok and Bangla. This state was ruled by the Tripuri dynasty for many centuries. It was considered as a princely state at the time of the British rule. In the year 1949, it became a part of independent India. The ethnic strife and conflict between the Bengali population and indigenous people have led to scattered violence and tension since the integration of this state in India. On the other hand, the institution of an independent tribal administrative organisation and various strategies have calmed the situation. National Highway 44 is the only main highway that connects this state with the rest of India.
State Symbols of Tripura
- State animal: Phayre’s leaf monkey
The Phayre’s leaf monkey, also known as Phayre’s langur, is a species of lutung native to Southeast Asia including India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, and China. It is listed as Endangered on the IUCN Red List and is threatened by hunting and loss of habitat. The species epithet commemorates Arthur Purves Phayre.
The green imperial pigeon is a large, plump pigeon, 45 cm in length. Its back, wings and tail are metallic green. The head and underparts are white, apart from maroon undertail coverts. Sexes are similar. The bird’s call is deep and resonant, and is often the first indication of the presence of this treetop species.
- State flower: Indian rose chestnut
- State tree: Agarwood
- State fruit: Queen pineapple