Tamil Nadu is one of the states of India. Chennai is the capital city, formerly known as Madras. It located in the extreme south of the subcontinent. It is bounded by the Indian Ocean to the east and south and by the states of Kerala to the west, Karnataka to the northwest, and Andhra Pradesh to the north. Enclosed by Tamil Nadu along the north-central coast are the enclaves of Puducherry and Karaikal, both of which are part of Puducherry union territory.
It is the 10th largest Indian state by area and the 6th largest by population. The economy of Tamil Nadu is the 2nd economy in India with 16.64 lakh crore approximately in gross domestic product after Maharashtra. Its official language is Tamil, which is one of the longest surviving classical languages in the world.
The Emblem is the official state emblem of Tamil Nadu and it is used as the official state symbol of the Government. It consists of the Lion Capital of Ashoka without the bell lotus foundation and flanked on either side by an Indian flag. Behind the capital, is the image of a Gopuram or temple tower based on the West Tower of Srivilliputhur Andal Temple.
The state emblem was designed in 1949 by artist R. Krishna Rao who was a native of Madurai. Krishna Rao was honoured with awards and titles for his contribution to the state. A student of the Government College of Fine Arts and Crafts in Chennai, who went on to become the principal of the college later, Rao was approached to design the emblem in 1948, when he was a professor of applied arts in the college.
State Symbols of Tamil Nadu
State Song: Tamil Thai Valthu
State Animal: Nilgiritragus hylocrius
State Bird: Emerald Dove is the state bird of Tamil Nadu. In Tamil it is called as Panchavarna Pura or Maragatha Pura. This bird is available in Asia and Australia. Normally it eats fruits and seeds.
State Flower: Gloriosa lily
State Tree: Palm tree
State Fruit: Jackfruit