National Parks in India

National parks are areas that aim to protect the natural environment. They are also involved in public recreation and enjoyment activities. In a national park, the landscapes and its flora and fauna are present in their natural state.

India is rich in biodiversity. It comprises about 7.6% mammals, 6.2% reptiles, 12.6% birds, and 6.0% flowering plant species under the Indomalayan ecozone. Many eco-regions of our country like Shola forests exhibit high rates of endemism. The forests cover over the ranges from the tropical rainforest, the Western Ghats, and Northeast India to the coniferous forests in the Himalayan region.

The significant terrestrial ecosystem coming along the Indomalayan ecozone consists of temperate, polar, wet, dry regions for different kind of species to live. The species include elephant, tiger, cobra, crocodile, apes, sambar deer, spotted deer, rhinoceros, goats, lions along with different types of flora and faunas.

Indian wildlife has around 99 world-recognized national parks in different parts of the country. All these national parks and the wildlife reserves have been recognized by the IUCN or the International Union for the Conservation of Nature under the second category of protected areas.

List of National Parks in India

  1. Bandipur National Park in Karnataka
  2. Bandhavgarh National Park in Madhya Pradesh
  3. Bhadra Wildlife Sanctuary in Karnataka
  4. Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary in Kerala
  5. Corbett National Park in Uttarakhand
  6. Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary in Karnataka
  7. Dudhwa National Park in Uttar Pradesh
  8. Gir National Park and Sasan Gir Sanctuary in Gujarat
  9. Hemis National Park in Jammu & Kashmir
  10. Kanha National Park in Madhya Pradesh
  11. Kaziranga National Park in Assam
  12. Keoladeo Ghana National Park in Bharatpur, Rajasthan
  13. Manas National Park in Assam
  14. Nagarhole National Park in Karnataka
  15. Panna National Park in Madhya Pradesh
  16. Periyar National Park in Kerala.
  17. Pench National Park in Madhya Pradesh
  18. Ranthambore National Park in Rajasthan
  19. Sariska National Park in Rajasthan
  20. Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve in Maharashtra
  21. The Great Himalayan National Park in Himachal Pradesh

List of National Parks in India in Tabular Form

Year of Establishment         Name of National Park State
1936 Corbett National Park Uttarakhand
1955 Kanha National Park Madhya Pradesh
1955 Tadoba National Park Maharashtra
1959 Madhav National Park Madhya Pradesh
1968 Bandhavgarh National Park Madhya Pradesh
1974 Kaziranga National Park Assam
1974 Bandipur National Park Karnataka
1974 Bannerghatta National Park Karnataka
1975 Gir National Park Gujarat
1975 Indira Priyadarshini Pench National Park Madhya Pradesh
1975 Gugamal National Park Maharashtra
1975 Navegaon National Park Maharashtra
1975 Pench National Park Maharashtra
1976 Blackbuck National Park Gujarat
1976 Guindy National Park Tamil Nadu
1977 Keibul-Lamjao National Park Manipur
1977 Khangchendzonga National Park Sikkim
1977 Dudhwa National Park Uttar Pradesh
1978 Eravikulam National Park Kerala
1979 Vansda National Park Gujarat
1979 Van Vihar National Park Madhya Pradesh
1980 Simlipal National Park Odisha
1980 Ranthambore National Park Rajasthan
1980 Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park Tamil Nadu
1981 Guru Ghasidas (Sanjay) National Park Chhattisgarh
1981 Dachigam National Park Jammu & Kashmir
1981 Hemis National Park Jammu & Kashmir
1981 Kishtwar National Park Jammu & Kashmir
1981 Panna National Park Madhya Pradesh
1981 Sanjay National Park Madhya Pradesh
1981 Satpura National Park Madhya Pradesh
1981 Keoladeo Ghana National Park Rajasthan
1982 Indravati National Park Chhattisgarh
1982 Kanger Valley National Park Chhattisgarh
1982 Marine National Park Gujarat
1982 Periyar National Park Kerala
1982 Nanda Devi National Park Uttarakhand
1982 Valley of Flowers National Park Uttarakhand
1983 Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park Andaman & Nicobar Islands
1983 Namdapha National Park Arunachal Pradesh
1983 Fossil National Park Madhya Pradesh
1983 Sanjay Gandhi National Park Maharashtra
1983 Rajaji National Park Uttarakhand
1984 Great Himalayan National Park Himachal Pradesh
1984 Silent Valley National Park Kerala
1984 Sunderban National Park West Bengal
1985 Balpakram National Park Meghalaya
1986 Mouling National Park Arunachal Pradesh
1986 Betla National Park Jharkhand
1986 Nokrek Ridge National Park Meghalaya
1986 Neora Valley National Park West Bengal
1986 Singalila National Park West Bengal
1987 Middle Button Island National Park Andaman & Nicobar Islands
1987 Mount Harriet National Park Andaman & Nicobar Islands
1987 North Button Island National Park Andaman & Nicobar Islands
1987 Saddle Peak National Park Andaman & Nicobar Islands
1987 South Button Island National Park Andaman & Nicobar Islands
1987 Pin Valley National Park Himachal Pradesh
1987 Anshi National Park Karnataka
1987 Kudremukh National Park Karnataka
1988 Nagarahole (Rajiv Gandhi) National Park Karnataka
1988 Bhitarkanika National Park Odisha
1989 Sri Venkateswara National Park Andhra Pradesh
1989 Valmiki National Park Bihar
1989 Sultan National Park Haryana
1989 Indira Gandhi (Annamalai) National Park Tamil Nadu
1989 Gangotri National Park Uttarakhand
1990 Manas National Park Assam
1990 Mudumalai National Park Tamil Nadu
1990 Mukurthi National Park Tamil Nadu
1990 Govind National Park Uttarakhand
1991 Murlen National Park Mizoram
1992 Campbell Bay National Park Andaman & Nicobar Islands
1992 Galathea Bay National Park Andaman & Nicobar Islands
1992 Mollem National Park Goa
1992 City Forest (Salim Ali) National Park Jammu & Kashmir
1992 Phawngpui Blue Mountain National Park Mizoram
1992 Desert National Park Rajasthan
1992 Sariska National Park Rajasthan
1992 Buxa National Park West Bengal
1992 Gorumara National Park West Bengal
1993 Intanki National Park Nagaland
1994 Kasu Brahmananda Reddy National Park Telangana
1994 Mahaveer Harina Vanasthali National Park Telangana
1994 Mrugavani National Park Telangana
1996 Rani Jhansi Marine National Park Andaman & Nicobar Islands
1998 Nameri National Park Assam
1999 Dibru-Saikhowa National Park Assam
1999 Rajiv Gandhi Orang National Park Assam
2003 Kalesar National Park Haryana
2003 Anamudi Shola National Park Kerala
2003 Mathikettan Shola National Park Kerala
2003 Pampadum Shola National Park Kerala
2004 Chandoli National Park Maharashtra
2005 Rajiv Gandhi (Rameswaram) National Park Andhra Pradesh
2006 Mukundra Hills National Park Rajasthan
2007 Clouded Leopard National Park Tripura
2007 Bison National Park Tripura
2008 Papikonda National Park Andhra Pradesh
2010 Inderkilla National Park Himachal Pradesh
2010 Khirganga National Park Himachal Pradesh
2010 Simbalbara National Park Himachal Pradesh
2014 Jaldapara National Park West Bengal