Jharkhand is a state in eastern India, Located in the northeastern part of the country. The state is bordered by the states of Bihar to the north, West Bengal to the east, Odisha to the south, Chhattisgarh to the west, and Uttar Pradesh to the northwest. Ranchi is the capital city of the state and Dumka its sub capital, It was carved out of the southern portion of Bihar in 2000 on 15 November. It has an area of 79,710 km2. It is the 15th largest state by area, and the 14th largest by population. Hindi is the official language of the state.
Hindi is the prime language of the state. The people here also speak various other languages. The three important language groups are Munda, Indo-Aryan and Dravidian. They are sister languages and most words used are 80 %-90% same. Languages like Santhali, Bhumij, Ho, Mundari and Kharia come under Munda, languages like Bengali, Sadri, Maithili, Panchpargania, Oriya, Khortha, Mundari is spoken in parts of Ranchi, Khunti, West Singhbhum, Latehar districts, Simdega, Gumla, etc.
The state’s agricultural-development programs have especially emphasized the raising of livestock for meat, dairy products, and wool. In an effort to improve quality and to increase the output of mutton and wool, a selective sheep-breeding program was implemented in the town of Chatra, in the northwest, and wool-collection centres were established in the district of East Singhbhum. Most of the state’s goats are raised in the districts of Dumka, Deoghar, and Godda, all in the northeast, although the state also has goat farms in Sahibganj, Chatra, and Ranchi districts. There are pig farms in various towns across the state, notably in Kanke.
Jharkhand State Symbols
The State Government have revealed four symbols to be used in acceptable places and acceptable occasions to represent the state. These symbols the image of the state categorical its policy, tell concerning its wealth and virtues within the terms of Animal, Bird, Flower and Tree.
Jharkhand State Animal
Scientific Name: Elephas maximus indicus
Jharkhand State Bird
Scientific Name: Eudynamys scolopaceus
Jharkhand State Flower
Scientific Name: Butea monosperma
Jharkhand State Tree
Scientific Name: Shorea robusta