India States And Capitals,Establishment Years

India is one of the largest Countries in the world, there are twenty-nine States, seven  Union Territories. India covered total Area of 3,287,240 Square Km. Some of the states are larger than the countries including Oman, Uganda, Senegal, Greece, and Austria. Hindi is the Official language and most of the North Indian states uses officially. Delhi is the Capital of India and Union territory, which is under central administration. Rajasthan is the largest State by Area with 342,240 square km, Madhya Pradesh, and Maharashtra respectively in second and third largest in the term of total Area. And Largest city is Mumbai Every State has different languages, tradition, Politics view and Culture. Lakshadweep and Andaman & Nicobar are the island Union territories. The States in India subdivided into Districts and has different State Government rules and regulation.

India states

List Of India States And Their Capital Cities And Establishment Years:

STATE CAPITAL CITY LANGUAGE Established year
Andhra Pradesh Hyderabad Telugu,Urdu 1956
Arunachal Pradesh Itanagar Monpa, Miji, Nyishi, Dafla,etc 1987
Aasam Dispur Assamese 1975
Bihar Patna Hindi, Bhojpuri 1935
Chhattisgarh Raipur Hindi 2000
Goa Panaji Konkani ,Marathi 1961
Gujarat Gandhinagar Gujarati 1960
Haryana Chandigarh Hindi,Panjabi 1966
Himachal Pradesh Shimla Hindi, Pahari 1961
Jammu & Kashmir Srinagar(Summer) Jammu ( Winter) Kashmiri, Dogri 1948
Jharkhand Ranchi Hindi, Bhojpuri 2000
Karnataka Bangalore Kannada 1956
Kerala Thiruvananthapuram Malayalam 1956
Madhya Pradesh Bhopal Hindi 1956
Maharashtra Mumbai Marathi 1960
Manipur Imphal Manipuri 1947
Meghalaya Shillong Khasi,Garo,English 1970
Mizoram Aizawal Mizo, English 1972
Nagaland Kohima Ao,Chang,Lotha 1963
Orissa Bhubaneswar Oriya 1948
Punjab Chandigarh Panjabi 1966
Rajasthan Jaipur Rajasthani, Hindi 1948
Sikkim Gangtok Bhutia, Nepali 1975
Tamil Nadu Chennai Tamil 1969
Telangana Hyderabad Telugu, Hindi 2014
Tripura Agartala Bengali, Manipuri 1956
Uttar Pradesh Lucknow Hindi, Urdu 1937
Uttarakhand Dehardun Hindi 2000
West Bengal Kolkata Bengali 1947

Among these 29 states

largest State is: Rajasthan, Land area=342239 km²

Smallest State is : Goa, Land area=3,702 km²

What is Union Territory:

union territory is a type of administrative division in the Republic of India. Unlike the states, which have their own elected governments, union territories are ruled directly by the Union Government (Central Government), hence the name “union territory“.

Union Territories and Capitals:

The seven current union territories are:

STATE CAPITAL CITY LANGUAGE Established year
Andaman and Nicobar Islands Port Blair Hindi, Telugu, Hindi 1956
Chandigarh Chandigarh Panjab, Hindi 1987
Dadra and Nagar Haveli Silvassa Hindi, Gujarati 1944
Daman and Diu Daman Hindi, Marati 1987
Delhi Delhi Hindi 1952
Lakshadweep Kavarathi Hindi 1956
Puducherry Puducherry Tamil, Telugu 1954

Smallest Union Territories of India  : Lakshadweep.

largest Union Territories of India     : Andaman and Nicobar Islands