Himachal Pradesh is a state in the northern part of India. Situated in the Western Himalayas, it is bordered by union territories of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh on the north, Punjab on the west, Haryana on the southwest, Uttarakhand on the southeast, and Tibet on the east. At its southernmost point, it also touches the state of Uttar Pradesh. Shimla is the capital city of Himachal Pradesh. It covers a total area of 55,673 km square and houses a population of 6,856,509 people. The state comprises 12 districts.
Hindi is declared as the official state language of Himachal. The language of Hindi is an old derivative of the Sanskrit language. It is spoken in the country in several dialects. Hindi language is also used in the state of Himachal Pradesh as a mode of interaction among people. The government has inculcated the study of Hindi in the academic curriculum and also encourages the use of the language in professional spectrum. The people of the state prevalently use the Pahari language. The Pahari language is derived from the ancient language of Sanskrit and Prakrit.
Economy and Agriculture
The chief food crops cultivated in Himachal Pradesh agriculture include wheat, maize, rice, barley, seed-potato, ginger, vegetables, vegetable seeds, mushrooms, chicory seeds, hops, olives, and fig. Himachal Pradesh is also known as the ‘Apple State of India’ for its large-scale production of fruits.
Himachal Pradesh State Symbols
The State Government have revealed four symbols to be used in acceptable places and acceptable occasions to represent the state. These symbols the image of the state categorical its policy, tell concerning its wealth and virtues within the terms of Animal, Bird, Flower and Tree.
State Animal of Himachal Pradesh
It replaced the Musk deer. One of the most endangered animals in the Himachal region is the snow leopard. It is found at very high altitudes that experience heavy snowfall. Snow leopards show several adaptations for living in a cold mountainous environment. Their bodies are stocky, their fur is thick, and their ears are small and rounded, all of which help to minimize heat loss. Snow leopards’ tails are long and flexible, helping them to maintain their balance, which is very important in the rocky terrain they inhabit.
State Bird of Himachal
It replaced the bird Monal for the state bird of Himachal. Its scientific name is Tragopan melanocephalus. Since, Monal is also the state bird of Uttrakhand and National bird of Nepal, there was a need to chose some new species of bird as state bird for Himachal. Western Tragopan was chosen keeping in view its beauty and decreasing number in Himachal.
State Flower of Himachal Pradesh
It is now the state flower of Himachal. It replaced Rhododendron arboreum. It is a very beautiful flower with pink coloured petals. Its scientific name is Rhododendron campanulatum. It is found in the most of the forests of Himachal Pradesh and it’s flower is known for medical and Ayurvedic use.
The deodar cedar, Himalayan cedar is a species of cedar native to the western Himalayas in Eastern Afghanistan, Northern Pakistan and India Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim and, Arunachal Pradesh states and the Darjeeling Region of West Bengal, Southwestern Tibet and Western Nepal, occurring at 1,500–3,200 m altitude. It is a large evergreen coniferous tree reaching 131–164 ft tall, exceptionally 197 ft with a trunk up to 10 ft in diameter. It has a conic crown with level branches and drooping branchlets.