Deccan Plateau of India

The Deccan Plateau is a large plateau in western and southern India. It rises to 100 metres in the north, and to more than 1,000 metres in the south, forming a raised triangle within the South-pointing triangle of the Indian subcontinent’s coastline.

The plateau is located between two mountain ranges, the Western Ghats and the Eastern Ghats, each of which rises from its respective nearby coastal plain, and almost converge at the southern tip of India. It is separated from the Gangetic plain to the north by the Satpura and Vindhya Ranges, which form its northern boundary.

The Deccan Plateau is a large plateau that covers most of South India. It is triangular, surrounded by three mountain ranges. It extends over eight Indian states Telangana, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu. It covers 422,000 square kilometers, 43% of India’s landmass.

Deccan Plateau of India

The uplands, areas of higher landmass, form a triangle that is nested in the familiar downward-pointing triangle of the Indian sub-continent’s coastline. In the south of India, the plateau is largely over 1,000 metres above sea level. In the north it is mostly about 500 metres above sea level.  The Deccan Plateau is extremely large, and there are many habitats, different ecosystems with different sorts of vegetation, climate, geology and animals. The forests on the plateau are older than the Himalayan mountains.

On the west of the plateau are the Western Ghats and in the east are the Eastern Ghats. These mountain ranges rise from their nearby coastal plains and nearly meet at the southern tip of India. The mountains make the southward-pointing vertex of a triangle. The northern boundary of the triangle is made up by the Satpura Range and Vindhya Range. These northern ranges separate the plateau from the heavily populated river-line plains of northern India.

This upland is drained by a series of rivers, notably the Godavari, Krishna, Penner, and Kaveri, most of which start near the Arabian Sea and flow eastward to the Bay of Bengal.